In this July 27, 2011 photo, assembly line worker Edward Houie moves a door into position for a Chevrolet Volt at the General Motors Hamtramck Assembly plant in Hamtramck, Mich. Factory orders rose in July, helped by increased demand for autos and commercial aircraft Wednesday, Aug. 31, 2011. (AP Photo/Paul Sancya)

Industrial automation is still devouring the US Midwest workforce

9 per 1,000

Industrial automation hasn’t slowed down in Midwest areas like Ohio, where a 2% margin in robot-labor adoption swung the state for Donald Trump.

Published   |  Photo by P Photo/Paul Sancya
In this July 27, 2011 photo, assembly line worker Edward Houie moves a door into position for a Chevrolet Volt at the General Motors Hamtramck Assembly plant in Hamtramck, Mich. Factory orders rose in July, helped by increased demand for autos and commercial aircraft Wednesday, Aug. 31, 2011. (AP Photo/Paul Sancya)
9 per 1,000

According to MIT Technology Review, labor anxiety still lingers in places like Toledo, Ohio, which held a nation-high automation rate for a large metro area in 2017—nine robots per 1,000 workers.

In this July 27, 2011 photo, assembly line worker Edward Houie moves a door into position for a Chevrolet Volt at the General Motors Hamtramck Assembly plant in Hamtramck, Mich. Factory orders rose in July, helped by increased demand for autos and commercial aircraft Wednesday, Aug. 31, 2011. (AP Photo/Paul Sancya)
9 per 1,000

Brookings Institute notes that the auto industry still accounts for nearly half of US automation, mostly clustered in the US Midwest and upper South.

In this July 27, 2011 photo, assembly line worker Edward Houie moves a door into position for a Chevrolet Volt at the General Motors Hamtramck Assembly plant in Hamtramck, Mich. Factory orders rose in July, helped by increased demand for autos and commercial aircraft Wednesday, Aug. 31, 2011. (AP Photo/Paul Sancya)
9 per 1,000

Percentage of jobs at high risk of automation by early 2030s

In this July 27, 2011 photo, assembly line worker Edward Houie moves a door into position for a Chevrolet Volt at the General Motors Hamtramck Assembly plant in Hamtramck, Mich. Factory orders rose in July, helped by increased demand for autos and commercial aircraft Wednesday, Aug. 31, 2011. (AP Photo/Paul Sancya)
9 per 1,000

Many states in those regions supported Trump during the 2016 presidential election. An Oxford study claims Michigan, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin wouldn’t have flipped if automation was 2% lower.

In this July 27, 2011 photo, assembly line worker Edward Houie moves a door into position for a Chevrolet Volt at the General Motors Hamtramck Assembly plant in Hamtramck, Mich. Factory orders rose in July, helped by increased demand for autos and commercial aircraft Wednesday, Aug. 31, 2011. (AP Photo/Paul Sancya)
9 per 1,000

Despite scattered business upswings—now threatened by a trade war—workers are still incredibly wary.

In this July 27, 2011 photo, assembly line worker Edward Houie moves a door into position for a Chevrolet Volt at the General Motors Hamtramck Assembly plant in Hamtramck, Mich. Factory orders rose in July, helped by increased demand for autos and commercial aircraft Wednesday, Aug. 31, 2011. (AP Photo/Paul Sancya)
9 per 1,000

“We have that feeling of ‘Well, it’s great now. Let’s just hope we can keep it going that way,’” one Ohio county commissioner told MIT.

In this July 27, 2011 photo, assembly line worker Edward Houie moves a door into position for a Chevrolet Volt at the General Motors Hamtramck Assembly plant in Hamtramck, Mich. Factory orders rose in July, helped by increased demand for autos and commercial aircraft Wednesday, Aug. 31, 2011. (AP Photo/Paul Sancya)
9 per 1,000

Number of US auto workers

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